CBD, Marijuana, and Hemp Differences

Currently this year 2021, New York has finally legalized cannabis for recreational activities and use, making it the 15th among the other states in the United State of America that legalized the drug. Besides this fact, certain cannabis and its dosage are legal to use in certain conditions like seizures.

Despite the fact that the majority of American adults support the legalization of marijuana, most people are still ignorant about cannabis. According to the National Institutes of Health, a third of the American population still believe that hemp and marijuana are the same things. Moreover, many people still search Google if CBD, short for Cannabidiol, can still get them high. This indicates that the public still needs more information about marijuana, hemp, and CBD and their distinctions.

Certainly, these three are in one plant family origin but they differ in certain ways. With the emergence of CBD-related products like beverages, CBD gummies, capsules, oils, and others, it is important to know the difference between the three key terms: CBD, hemp, and marijuana.

Both marijuana and hemp belong to the same plant species named Cannabis sativa, each has a resemblance to the other. However, significant variation exists within a species, and in the case of these two, their difference relies on the amount of psychoactive component that each species has. Hemp has 0.3% or less THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive component found in the Cannabis sativa plant. This amount of THC is insufficient for sedation or intoxication, which is usually associated with marijuana that has a higher amount of THC.

Additionally, CBD, like THC is a compound among many compounds called cannabinoids that can be found in cannabis. They are termed cannabinoids for a reason that they react to receptors in our body that are involved in different functions like anxiety, appetite, pain, and depression.

Although there is only anecdotal evidence in proving that the CBD compound is effective in reducing anxiety and alleviating depression, clinical research exists proving that CBD is effective in treating seizures and epilepsy. in fact, the FDA approved a CBD-containing drug called Epidiolect to treat two rare kinds of epilepsy in children.

Marijuana is also proven to be effective in treating similar conditions in addition to glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, and nausea. However, its use is still restricted by the federal government in some U.S. states. To understand its current status, it is important to take note that cannabis is categorized as Schedule 1 by the Drug Enforcement Agency, which means that there is no accepted use of cannabis for medicinal purposes and treating cannabis as a potential substance for abuse.

There are two main categories of CBD products. Pure CBD is also called CBD isolate. This means that other compounds are removed, leaving the CBD compound that gives the cannabis its strong earthy taste. On the flip side, broad-spectrum CBDs are CBDs that contain three to more than cannabinoids. Both isolates and broad-spectrum CBDs contain less to no THC, which makes them ineffective for any psychotic effects.

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